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Track The Tropics has been the #1 source to track the tropics 24/7 since 2013! The main goal of the site is to bring all of the important links and graphics to ONE PLACE so you can keep up to date on any threats to land during the Atlantic Hurricane Season! Hurricane Season 2022 in the Atlantic starts on June 1st and ends on November 30th. Love Spaghetti Models? Well you've come to the right place!! Remember when you're preparing for a storm: Run from the water; hide from the wind!

Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale
Category Wind Speed Storm Surge
  mph ft
5 ≥157 >18
4 130–156 13–18
3 111–129 9–12
2 96–110 6–8
1 74–95 4–5
Additional Classifications
Tropical Storm 39–73 0–3
Tropical Depression 0–38 0
The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale is a classification used for most Western Hemisphere tropical cyclones that exceed the intensities of "tropical depressions" and "tropical storms", and thereby become hurricanes. Source: Intellicast

Hurricane Season 101

The official Atlantic Basin Hurricane Season runs from June 1st to November 30th. A tropical cyclone is a warm-core, low pressure system without any “front” attached. It develops over tropical or subtropical waters, and has an organized circulation. Depending upon location, tropical cyclones have different names around the world. The Tropical Cyclones we track in the Atlantic basin are called Tropical Depressions, Tropical Storms and Hurricanes! Atlantic Basin Tropical Cyclones are classified as follows: Tropical Depression: Organized system of clouds and thunderstorms with defined surface circulation and max sustained winds of 38 mph or less. Tropical Storm: Organized system of strong thunderstorms with a defined surface circulation and maximum sustained winds of 39-73 mph. Hurricane: Intense tropical weather system of strong thunderstorms with a well-defined surface circulation. A Hurricane has max sustained winds of 74 mph or higher!

The difference between Tropical Storm and Hurricane Watches, Warnings, Advisories and Outlooks

Warnings:Listen closely to instructions from local officials on TV, radio, cell phones or other computers for instructions from local officials.Evacuate immediately if told to do so.
  • Storm Surge Warning: There is a danger of life-threatening inundation from rising water moving inland from the shoreline somewhere within the specified area. This is generally within 36 hours. If you are under a storm surge warning, check for evacuation orders from your local officials.
  • Hurricane Warning: Hurricane conditions (sustained winds of 74 mph or greater) are expected somewhere within the specified area. NHC issues a hurricane warning 36 hours in advance of tropical storm-force winds to give you time to complete your preparations. All preparations should be complete. Evacuate immediately if so ordered.
  • Tropical Storm Warning: Tropical storm conditions (sustained winds of 39 to 73 mph) are expected within your area within 36 hours.
  • Extreme Wind Warning: Extreme sustained winds of a major hurricane (115 mph or greater), usually associated with the eyewall, are expected to begin within an hour. Take immediate shelter in the interior portion of a well-built structure.
Please note that hurricane and tropical storm watches and warnings for winds on land as well as storm surge watches and warnings can be issued for storms that the NWS believes will become tropical cyclones but have not yet attained all of the characteristics of a tropical cyclone (i.e., a closed low-level circulation, sustained thunderstorm activity, etc.). In these cases, the forecast conditions on land warrant alerting the public. These storms are referred to as “potential tropical cyclones” by the NWS. Hurricane, tropical storm, and storm surge watches and warnings can also be issued for storms that have lost some or all of their tropical cyclone characteristics, but continue to produce dangerous conditions. These storms are called “post-tropical cyclones” by the NWS. Watches: Listen closely to instructions from local officials on TV, radio, cell phones or other computers for instructions from local officials. Evacuate if told to do so.
  • Storm Surge Watch: Storm here is a possibility of life-threatening inundation from rising water moving inland from the shoreline somewhere within the specified area, generally within 48 hours. If you are under a storm surge watch, check for evacuation orders from your local officials.
  • Hurricane Watch: Huriricane conditions (sustained winds of 74 mph or greater) are possible within your area. Because it may not be safe to prepare for a hurricane once winds reach tropical storm force, The NHC issues hurricane watches 48 hours before it anticipates tropical storm-force winds.
  • Tropical Storm Watch: Tropical storm conditions (sustained winds of 39 to 73 mph) are possible within the specified area within 48 hours.
Advisories:
  • Tropical Cyclone Public Advisory:The Tropical Cyclone Public Advisory contains a list of all current coastal watches and warnings associated with an ongoing or potential tropical cyclone, a post-tropical cyclone, or a subtropical cyclone. It also provides the cyclone position, maximum sustained winds, current motion, and a description of the hazards associated with the storm.
  • Tropical Cyclone Track Forecast Cone:This graphic shows areas under tropical storm and hurricane watches and warnings, the current position of the center of the storm, and its predicted track. Forecast uncertainty is conveyed on the graphic by a “cone” (white and stippled areas) drawn such that the center of the storm will remain within the cone about 60 to 70 percent of the time. Remember, the effects of a tropical cyclone can span hundreds of miles. Areas well outside of the cone often experience hazards such as tornadoes or inland flooding from heavy rain.
Outlooks:
  • Tropical Weather Outlook:The Tropical Weather Outlook is a discussion of significant areas of disturbed weather and their potential for development during the next 5 days. The Outlook includes a categorical forecast of the probability of tropical cyclone formation during the first 48 hours and during the entire 5-day forecast period. You can also find graphical versions of the 2-day and 5-day Outlook here
Be sure to read up on tons of more information on Hurricane knowledge, preparedness, statistics and history under the menu on the left hand side of the page! Here are your 2020 Hurricane Season Names: Arthur, Bertha, Cristobal, Dolly, Edouard, Fay, Gonzalo, Hanna, Isaias, Josephine ,Kyle, Laura, Marco, Nana, Omar, Paulette, Rene, Sally, Teddy, Vicky and Wilfred!!!

TrackTheTropics Resource Links

CONUS Hurricane Strikes

1950-2017
[Map of 1950-2017 CONUS Hurricane Strikes]
Total Hurricane Strikes 1900-2010 Total Hurricane Strikes 1900-2010 Total MAJOR Hurricane Strikes 1900-2010 Total Major Hurricane Strikes 1900-2010 Western Gulf Hurricane Strikes Western Gulf Hurricane Strikes Western Gulf MAJOR Hurricane Strikes Western Gulf Major Hurricane Strikes Eastern Gulf Hurricane Strikes Eastern Gulf Hurricane Strikes Eastern Gulf MAJOR Hurricane Strikes Eastern Gulf Major Hurricane Strikes SE Coast Hurricane Strikes SE Coast Hurricane Strikes SE Coast MAJOR Hurricane Strikes SE Coast Major Hurricane Strikes NE Coast Hurricane Strikes NE Coast Hurricane Strikes NE Coast MAJOR Hurricane Strikes NE Coast Major Hurricane Strikes

Graphical Tropical Weather Outlook

Page Navigation: Atlantic Tropical Outlook / Tropical Discussion / Active Tropical Systems
Scheduled Recon Flight Plans / Marine Weather Discussion / Tropical Monthly Summary

2 Day Graphical Tropical Weather Outlook
Atlantic 2 Day GTWO graphic

5 Day Graphical Tropical Weather Outlook
Atlantic 5 Day GTWO graphic

Atlantic Tropical Weather Outlook

  • Tue, 30 Nov 2021 23:23:04 +0000: Atlantic Tropical Weather Outlook - Atlantic Tropical Weather Outlook

    000
    ABNT20 KNHC 302322
    TWOAT

    Tropical Weather Outlook
    NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
    700 PM EST Tue Nov 30 2021

    For the North Atlantic...Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico:

    Tropical cyclone formation is not expected during the next 5 days.

    This is the last regularly scheduled Tropical Weather Outlook of
    the 2021 Atlantic Hurricane Season. Routine issuance of the
    Tropical Weather Outlook will resume on May 15, 2022. During the
    off-season, Special Tropical Weather Outlooks will be issued as
    conditions warrant.

    $$
    Forecaster Beven

Tropical Weather Discussion

  • Fri, 21 Jan 2022 00:06:06 +0000: NHC Atlantic Tropical Weather Discussion - NHC Tropical Weather Discussion (Atlantic)

    000
    AXNT20 KNHC 210006
    TWDAT

    Tropical Weather Discussion
    NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
    0005 UTC Fri Jan 21 2022

    Tropical Weather Discussion for North America, Central America
    Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, northern sections of South
    America, and Atlantic Ocean to the African coast from the
    Equator to 31N. The following information is based on satellite
    imagery, weather observations, radar and meteorological analysis.

    Based on 1800 UTC surface analysis and satellite imagery through
    2350 UTC.

    ...SPECIAL FEATURES...

    ...Caribbean Sea Gale Warning...

    The surface pressure gradient, between W Atlantic Ocean high
    pressure and lower pressure in Colombia and in Panama, will
    continue to support pulsing winds to minimal gale force within
    about 90 nm of the coast of Colombia tonight and Fri night. Sea
    heights will build to a range from 8-12 ft. As the ridge shifts
    eastward over the weekend, the pressure gradient will weaken, thus
    leading to fresh to strong winds winds in the south-central basin
    through the middle of next week.

    ...Gulf of Mexico Gale Warning...

    Strong high pressure is rapidly building behind a cold front that
    extends from the Florida Big Bend SW to Veracruz, Mexico offshore
    waters. This is supporting ongoing gale-force northerly winds over
    the Tampico offshore waters with seas of 8 to 10 ft. Near gale
    force winds will continue along the eastern Mexico offshore waters
    through late Fri with gale conditions shifting to the Veracruz
    region tonight. The front will extend from Sarasota, Florida to
    the central Bay of Campeche Fri evening when winds and seas will
    diminish below gale-force. However, fresh to strong N to NE winds
    will gradually diminish through Sun.

    Please, read the latest NWS High Seas Forecast, issued by the
    National Hurricane Center, at the website,
    https://www.nhc.noaa.gov/text/MIAHSFAT2.shtml for more details.

    ...MONSOON TROUGH/ITCZ...

    The ITCZ extends from the coast of Liberia near 05N09W to 04N24W
    to 05N41W. Scattered moderate convection extends from 03N to 15N
    between 19W and 36W.

    ...GULF OF MEXICO...

    Please, read the SPECIAL FEATURES section, for details about a
    gale warning for the Gulf of Mexico.

    A cold front extends from the Florida Big Bend SW to Veracruz,
    Mexico offshore waters this evening. Near gale to gale force N to
    NE winds are behind the front with the strongest winds being off
    the east-central Mexico coast or the Tampico offshore waters. Gale
    force winds will extend to the region of Vercruz tonight.

    Weak low pressure is forecast to develop along the frontal
    boundary over the central Gulf on Fri, and quickly move
    northeastward across Florida into the western Atlantic Sat evening
    pushing the cold front across the southeastern Gulf into Sun
    morning. Winds behind the front will diminish below gale force
    early Fri evening. High pressure will build across the area in
    the wake of the front then shift eastward through Mon, at which
    time fresh to strong southerly flow develops over the NW Gulf in
    advance of the next cold front. This front will move off the Texas
    coast Mon, will quickly reach the eastern Gulf Tue and Tue night.
    Mainly moderate to fresh northerly winds will follow behind this
    front.

    ...CARIBBEAN SEA...

    Please, read the SPECIAL FEATURES section, for details about a
    gale warning for the Caribbean Sea.

    Patches of shallow moisture are supporting isolated showers in the
    Mona Passage as well the Gulf of Honduras. Farther west, the tail
    of a pre-frontal trough support a line of showers in the Yucatan
    Channel. Dry air subsidence from aloft support fair weather
    elsewhere. Strong high pressure over the SW N Atlantic waters is
    supporting fresh trade winds in the eastern Caribbean and fresh to
    strong winds in the south-central region where seas are in the 7
    to 9 ft range. Sea heights are 5 to 6 ft elsewhere, except the NW
    Caribbean where seas are up to 4 ft.

    The pressure gradient between high pressure across the western
    Atlantic and the Colombian low will continue to support pulsing
    winds to minimal gale force within about 90 nm of the coast of
    Colombia tonight and Fri night. Seas will build with these winds.
    The coverage area of the fresh to strong trade winds has increased
    and will cover mainly the waters between 68W and 80W through Fri.
    Generally moderate to fresh trades will prevail elsewhere. A
    weakening cold front is forecast to enter the far NW Caribbean
    Sun.

    ...ATLANTIC OCEAN...

    Strong high pressure ridging dominates the western and central
    Atlantic waters. A cold front extends from 31N35W SW to 25N52W
    where it transitions to a stationary front that continues to just
    east of the central Bahamas. Moderate to locally fresh E to SE
    winds dominate this region with seas in the 3 to 7 ft range.

    High pressure located northeast of Bermuda will shift
    northeastward allowing for the next cold front to move offshore
    northern Florida on Fri, accompanied by fresh to strong winds. Low
    pressure forecast to develop along the frontal boundary over the
    Gulf of Mexico will move into the western Atlantic Sat evening,
    then move across the northern forecast waters on Sun. High
    pressure in its wake will shift eastward through Tue as another
    cold front move across the waters NE of northern Florida through
    Tue night. Fresh southerly winds will precede this front.

    $$
    Ramos

Active Tropical Systems

Scheduled Reconnaissance Flight Plans

  • Thu, 20 Jan 2022 16:42:34 +0000: Weather Reconnaissance Flights Plan of the Day - Weather Reconnaissance Flights Plan of the Day
     
     666 
     NOUS42 KNHC 201642
     REPRPD
     WEATHER RECONNAISSANCE FLIGHTS
     CARCAH, NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER, MIAMI, FL.
     1145 AM EST THU 20 JANUARY 2022
     SUBJECT: WINTER SEASON PLAN OF THE DAY (WSPOD)
              VALID 21/1100Z TO 22/1100Z JANUARY 2022
              WSPOD NUMBER.....21-051
     
     I.  ATLANTIC REQUIREMENTS
         1. NEGATIVE RECONNAISSANCE REQUIREMENTS.
         2. OUTLOOK FOR SUCCEEDING DAY.....NEGATIVE.
     
     II. PACIFIC REQUIREMENTS
         1. NEGATIVE RECONNAISSANCE REQUIREMENTS.
         2. OUTLOOK FOR SUCCEEDING DAY.....NEGATIVE.
     
     $$
     SEF
     
     NNNN
     
     

Marine Weather Discussion

  • Mon, 17 May 2021 15:22:40 +0000: NHC Marine Weather Discussion - NHC Marine Weather Discussion

    000
    AGXX40 KNHC 171522
    MIMATS

    Marine Weather Discussion
    NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
    1122 AM EDT Mon May 17 2021

    Marine Weather Discussion for the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea,
    and Tropical North Atlantic from 07N to 19N between 55W and 64W
    and the Southwest North Atlantic including the Bahamas

    This is the last Marine Weather Discussion issued by the National
    Hurricane Center. For marine information, please see the Tropical
    Weather Discussion at: hurricanes.gov.

    ...GULF OF MEXICO...

    High pressure along the middle Atlantic coasts extending SW to
    the NE Gulf will remain generally stationary throughout the
    week. This will support moderate to fresh E to SE winds over the
    basin through Tue. Winds will increase to fresh to strong late
    Tue through Fri as low pressure deepens across the Southern
    Plains.

    ...CARIBBEAN SEA AND TROPICAL N ATLANTIC FROM 07N TO 19N BETWEEN
    55W AND 64W...

    A ridge NE of the Caribbean Sea will shift eastward and weaken,
    diminishing winds and seas modestly through Wed. Trade winds
    will increase basin wide Wed night through Fri night as high
    pressure builds across the western Atlantic.

    ...SW N ATLANTIC INCLUDING THE BAHAMAS...

    A weakening frontal boundary from 25N65W to the central Bahamas
    will drift SE and dissipate through late Tue. Its remnants will
    drift N along 23N-24N. The pressure gradient between high
    pressure off of Hatteras and the frontal boundary will support
    an area of fresh to strong easterly winds N of 23N and W of 68W
    with seas to 11 ft E of the Bahamas late Tue through Fri.

    $$

    .WARNINGS...Any changes impacting coastal NWS offices will be
    coordinated through AWIPS II Collaboration Chat, or by
    telephone:

    .GULF OF MEXICO...
    None.

    .CARIBBEAN SEA AND TROPICAL N ATLANTIC FROM 07N TO 19N BETWEEN
    55W AND 64W...
    None.

    .SW N ATLANTIC INCLUDING THE BAHAMAS...
    None.

    $$

    *For detailed zone descriptions, please visit:
    http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/abouttafbprod.shtml#OWF

    Note: gridded marine forecasts are available in the National
    Digital Forecast Database (NDFD) at:
    http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/marine/grids.php

    For additional information, please visit:
    http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/marine

    $$

    .Forecaster GR. National Hurricane Center.

Atlantic Tropical Monthly Summary

  • Wed, 01 Dec 2021 12:30:41 +0000: Atlantic - Atlantic

    000
    ABNT30 KNHC 011230
    TWSAT

    Monthly Tropical Weather Summary
    NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
    800 AM EDT Wed Dec 1 2021

    For the North Atlantic...Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico:

    No tropical cyclones formed in the basin during November. However,
    Tropical Storm Wanda continued from the end of October through the
    first seven days of November. Based on a 30-year climatology
    (1991-2020), a tropical storm forms in November every one to two
    years.

    Overall, the 2021 Atlantic hurricane season featured above normal
    activity. Twenty-one named storms formed, of which seven became
    hurricanes and four became major hurricanes - category 3 or higher
    on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale. This compares to the
    long-term averages of 14 named storms, 7 hurricanes, and 3 major
    hurricanes. In terms of Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE), which
    measures the strength and duration of tropical storms and
    hurricanes, activity in the basin in 2021 was also above normal,
    about 20 percent above the long-term (1991-2020) mean.

    Reports on individual cyclones, when completed, are available at
    the National Hurricane Center website at
    www.hurricanes.gov/data/tcr/index.php?season=2021&basin=atl

    Summary Table

    Name Dates Max Wind (mph)
    ---------------------------------------------------
    TS Ana 22-23 May 45*
    TS Bill 14-15 Jun 65*
    TS Claudette 19-22 Jun 45
    TS Danny 27-29 Jun 45*
    H Elsa 1- 9 Jul 85
    TS Fred 11-17 Aug 65*
    MH Grace 13-21 Aug 125
    H Henri 16-23 Aug 75
    MH Ida 26 Aug- 1 Sep 150
    TS Kate 28 Aug- 1 Sep 45
    TS Julian 28-30 Aug 60*
    MH Larry 31 Aug-11 Sep 125
    TS Mindy 8-10 Sep 45
    H Nicholas 12-16 Sep 75
    TS Odette 17-18 Sep 45*
    TS Peter 19-22 Sep 50
    TS Rose 19-23 Sep 50
    MH Sam 22 Sep- 5 Oct 150
    STS Teresa 24-25 Sep 45
    TS Victor 29 Sep- 4 Oct 65
    TS Wanda 31 Oct- 7 Nov 50
    ---------------------------------------------------

    * Denotes a storm for which the post-storm analysis is complete.

    $$
    Hurricane Specialist Unit

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